All forests in Uzbekistan are of great protective, environment-forming importance, and are also a critical factor in maintaining biodiversity and carbon dioxide sequestration. The carbon dioxide emission absorption potential of Uzbekistan's forests is estimated at 2.53 million tonnes per year. This is the data in the third national climate change report.
The authors of the report note that the country has some potential for afforestation by establishing industrial plantations. We spoke with Tatiana Yugay, head of Landshaft.uz and member of the Landscape Art Association, about the development of the forest industry and whether the moratorium on logging was effective.
The moratorium [on felling trees - ed.] is absolutely formal, even if it stops, we will not feel any particular regret about it. It's such a ridiculous measure in the context of what's going on in our republic; such a moratorium should be a lifelong one.
Member of the Landscape Art Association
The main focus of climate change mitigation is to ensure continuous growth of forest plantations, which can be achieved by afforestation of non-forest territories, reforestation of degraded forest plantations, as well as consolidation of forest stands through artificial seeding of seedlings. We talk to Pavel Volkov, the founder of the Indigo Society for the Protection of Flora and Fauna in Uzbekistan, about the need to properly care for seedlings in their early years.
[Watering the tree] is a must, depending on the species, the first two to three to five years should be cared for. Then the care decreases. Just like a human, a tree grows to a certain age and can support itself.
founder of the Indigo Society for the Protection of Flora and Fauna
Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity is extremely important for Uzbekistan, whose territory is vulnerable to climate change and exposed to the phenomena of drought and desertification.
Climate change has the potential to lead to changes in ecosystems, abnormal temperatures, avalanches, landslides, and deteriorating health.
In the mountains, forests prevent erosion processes, improve the hydrology of mountainous areas by converting surface runoff into intra-soil runoff, thereby boosting the river flow, and are a source of other ecological functions.
In deserts, forest plantations are also the most important habitat-forming factor, fixing moving sands and protecting economic objects from being covered with sand, serving as a local source of fuel, increasing productivity of desert pastures.
In floodplains, riparian plantations perform bank protection, water protection functions and provide ornamental timber. On flat irrigated lands, forest plantations serve as protection against the harmful effects of water and wind erosion.
We talk to Abdusalom Normatov, Senior Researcher at the Forestry Research Institute, about how roadside greenery should be, why certain types of lawn are not even recycled by livestock and how Tashkent sees the greenery of the future.
There are empty areas near the Bozsu and Ankhor canals, and there is a great need for landscaping along the banks. It should not be the same as in the parks where everything is strictly according to a line, but it is necessary to create a wild forest look. People like it much more than if the trees stood in formation like soldiers.